Australian cyclist number survey comparisons 1985/86  2011
Australia Australian Capital Territory New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia
Note: this page relates to an analysis of Australian cyclist numbers and population 1985/86  2011 as published by World Transport Policy and Practice May 2012.
If the same 1985/86 ratio of bicycle trips per day per person aged 9 years and older is applied to the 2010 population of Australia aged 10+, there are between 555,989 and 615,840 less bike trips per day than before mandatory allage helmet laws were introduced in 1990/92.
This is the equivalent of all cyclists in NSW and Tasmania no longer riding on any given day.
The best case estimate of 555,989 fewer Australian bicycle trips per day compared to 1985/86 per capita daily participation is based on a claimed estimate of 2,014,620 in 2011, which critics acknowledge as an accurate assessment of available survey data.
Compared as a population ratio per million people, Australian daily cycling participation fell from 128,673 in 1985/86 to 103,231 in 2010/11.
Fresh analysis
This study considers cycling participation nationally and in different states through the application of 1985/86 daily cycling ratios in Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (CR69) to Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) equivalent age bracket populations in 2010, compared against the Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011 (CPS).
Rather than age/sex indirect standardisation, this analysis compares the 1985/86 statebystate estimated per person cycling ratios (age 9+) and applies them directly to corresponding populations in 2010.
Also provided are state and Australian cycling participation numbers and population proportions calculated by the Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey (ERASS). These estimate cycling participation among 15+ year olds at any time over the 12 months prior to survey.
Each participation survey suggests different levels of cycling within the Australian population. As studied in Assessing Cycling Participation in Australia (PDF 524kb), the CPS reports the highest proportion, the ABS the lowest proportion and ERASS between the two. However, ERASS uses a respected and consistent methodology since 2001 and provides results that accurately monitor the likely changes in adult cycling participation over a decade.
This analysis draws further data from the Review of the Australian DaytoDay Travel Survey Data Base 1985/86, published in 1988, which tested the CR69 survey and found a data collatation error rate below 1%.
Methods
This analysis calculates the state and national population ratios from 1985/86 for each gender.
These ratios are applied to the different state and national 10+ genders based on ABS population estimates in 2010 to determine what would be the expected numbers cycling each day.
This expectation is then compared against the daily cycling estimates of the CPS 2011 survey and the differences are summed.
ERASS estimates of occasional, nondaily cycling from 2001 to 2010 are presented as a number and ratio comparison to assist in gauging the accuracy of the CPS estimates  bearing in mind that the 1985/86 CR69 estimates 9+ daily cycling, the 2011 CPS survey estimates 10+ daily cycling, the ABS 2010 populations are 10+, and the ERASS survey is 15+.
The ERASS annual population/cycling ratios are effectively a percentage of any cycling whatsoever within 12 months in each population and can be used as an overestimated comparison against the daily ratios in 1985/86.
All survey studies used different datasets and methodologies and can only give rough estimates of cycling participation either now or in the past, but this analysis provides multiple sources to assist in determining whether participation has increased or decreased relative to population growth.
Results ...
Australia
Bicycle trips per day
Source 
198586 estimate 
2010 expectation 
2011 estimate 
DaytoDay Travel 1985/86 
1,645,934 trips per day 


Calculation 
19.287% x 6,198,556 males 9+ 1,195,515
7.162% x 6,289,014 females 9+ 450,419 






ABS Population 2010 

2,570,609 trips per day 

Calculation 

19.287% x 9,673,440 males 10+ 1,865,716
7.162% x 9,842,123 females 10+ 704,893 





Cycling Participation 2011 


2,014,620 trips per day 
Calculation 


Demographic breakdown ACP 2011 Table 4.2 with 1985/86 age ratios 




Per million population 
128,673 
131,721 
103,231 
Calculation 
1,000,000 / 12,791,575 (9+ population 1981) x 1,645,934 
1,000,000 / 19,515,563 (10+ population 2010) x 2,570,609 
1,000,000 / 19,515,563 (10+ population 2010) x 2,014,620 
Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (Table 4.1a, p120)
Australia  0.19 (19.287%) trips per male x 6,198,556 people aged 9+ = 1,195,515 daily bike trips
Australia  0.07 (7.162%) trips per female x 6,289,014 people aged 9+ = 450,419 daily bike trips
Total 1,645,934 daily bike trips
Australian Bureau of Statistics population data (Excel 635kb)
Australia  0.19 (19.287%) trips per male x 9,673,440 people aged 10+ = 1,865,716 daily bike trips
Australia  0.07 (7.162%) trips per female x 9,842,123 people aged 10+ = 704,893 daily bike trips
Total 2,570,609 expected daily bike trips based on 1985/86 male/female ratios
Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011
The survey estimated 1,989,562 bicycle trips aged 10+ per day in Australia.
If the same ratio of bike trips per person per day from 1985/86 is applied to the 2010 population of Australia, there are 581,047 less trips per capita than prelaw with a ratio of 0.29.
On a statebystate basis as calculated lower on this page, if the same ratio from 1985/86 was applied to 10+ population in 2010, there are 640,898 less people cycling per capita than before the law.
Below tabulates the three survey results above on a per million population ratio for appropriate age groups:
Olivier et al have disputed the accuracy of the original analysis of CR69 and have reworked the data to estimate there were 2,014,620 daily bicycle trips per day in 2011, even fewer than the 2,570,609 expected based on conservative estimates. If their reanalysis is accepted as an accurate estimate, there were 555,989 less daily bicycle trips per capita in 2011 than there were in 1985/86.
This is a ratio of 0.28. The difference between the expected 2,570,609 cyclists in 2010 and the estimated 2,014,620 is 27.6%.
The estimated increase in daily cycling from 1,645,934 in 1985/86 to 2,014,620 in 2010 represents a 22.4% increase whereas the population increase in that time was 43.2% (13,630,377 to 19,515,563). This is a 20.8% lower per capita rate of cycling.
If cycling trips per day in 1985/86 (1,645,943) had matched population growth of 43.2% there would have been 2,356,977 daily bike trips in 2010, which is 342,357 more than the observed estimate of 2,014,620.
Tabulated below are the male/female/persons ratios of cycling for each state and nationally in 1985/86 (CR69 Table 4.1a), calculated to the exact percentage to estimate the expected equivalent number of cyclists aged 10+ in 2010 based on ABS Census data:
Using this interpretation of CR69 data summed for all states, there were 615,840 less cycle trips daily in 2010 than expected from 1985/86 ratios. Interpreted nationally, there were 555,989 less daily cyclists.
The CPS 2011 demographic ratios can be applied retrospectively to estimate how many people would have been cycling daily in 1985/86. The table below assumes the same CPS national rate of cycling per week of 5.4.
The retrospective application of 2011 demographic ratios suggests 204,485 fewer people would have cycled daily in 1985/86 than was the case, mostly because far fewer people aged less than 20 would have ridden bikes.
This would probably have resulted in a less healthy generation of Australians who have grown up unfamiliar with and not attracted to cycling as adults in the current day.
Note: although CPS 2011 states that its estimate of an average 5.4 trips per week is probably an underestimate, this is at odds with the report's Table 4.6 which states that 60.5% of male/female respondents had cycled less than four times in the week prior to interview.
Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
The table below details survey respondents aged 15+ who cycled across Australia in the 12 months prior to survey, not per day as above.
Year  Cycling numbers  Cycling participation 
2010  2,081,200  13.9% 
1524:  235,500  7.9% 
2534:  435,900  14.3% 
3544:  582,700  18.7% 
4554:  465,300  15.4% 
5564:  247,200  9.8% 
65+:  114,700  4.1% 

2009  1,901,300  11.1% 
1524:  238,500  8.1% 
2534:  365,800  12.2% 
3544:  562,300  18.1% 
4554:  405,800  13.6% 
5564:  220,800  9.0% 
65+:  108,100  4.0% 

2008  1,9281,00  11.6% 
1524:  192,700  6.7% 
2534:  374,800  13.0% 
3544:  557,500  18.4% 
4554:  418,800  14.5% 
5564:  257,800  11.0% 
65+:  126,400  4.9% 

2007  1,591,100  9.7% 
1524:  187,500  6.6% 
2534:  358,200  12.6% 
3544:  469,500  15.6% 
4554:  331,100  11.7% 
5564:  160,800  7.1% 
65+:  84,000  3.3% 

2006  1,642,800  10.2% 
1524:  224,400  8.1% 
2534:  373,800  13.3% 
3544:  506,100  16.9% 
4554:  271,500  9.7% 
5564:  188,300  8.5% 
65+:  78,600  3.2% 

2005  1,646,900  10.3% 
1524:  238,100  8.4% 
2534:  428,400  14.4% 
3544:  428,900  14.5% 
4554:  303,400  11.0% 
5564:  164,200  7.7% 
65+:  83,700  3.6% 

2004  1,658,400  10.5% 
1524:  276,000  9.9% 
2534:  430,300  14.4% 
3544:  461,500  15.6% 
4554:  287,700  10.5% 
5564:  130,500  6.4% 
65+:  72,400  3.2% 

2003  1,471,800  9.4% 
1524:  218,400  8.0% 
2534:  399,300  13.5% 
3544:  404,200  13.7% 
4554:  266,700  9.9% 
5564:  127,000  6.4% 
65+:  56,200  2.5% 

2002  1,419,400  9.3% 
1524:  226,100  8.4% 
2534:  373,100  12.8% 
3544:  376,500  12.8% 
4554:  285,200  10.8% 
5564:  110,800  5.9% 
65+:  47,700  2.1% 

2001  1,438,300  9.5% 
1524:  255,000  9.6% 
2534:  427,100  14.8% 
3544:  359,900  12.3% 
4554:  250,900  9.5% 
5564:  93,800  5.3% 
65+:  51,600  2.3% 

ERASS Children Cycling Survey 2010
Year  Child cycling numbers  Child cycling participation 
2010  1,325,300  48.1% 
57:  411,800  51.0% 
810:  465,000  56.0% 
1114:  448,500  40.1% 

Child cycling
In 1985/86, 891,200 children aged 915 cycled every day. This compares to 913,500 children aged 814 in 2010 who cycled during their previous school term, according to ERASS.
In 1985/86, 66% of boys aged 915 cycled every day compared to 52% of boys aged 814 who cycled during their previous school term in 2010.
In 1985/86, 28% of girls aged 915 cycled every day compared to 44% of girls aged 814 who cycled during their previous school term in 2010.
The population of 815 year olds in 1986 was 2,076,369 and in 2010 it was 2,213,690. The population aged 815 increased 6.6% and the number of children cycling in this age category increased 2.5%.
The ABS Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities 2012 reports that 1,770,400 Australian children aged 514 bike cycled at some time during the 12 months prior to interview. The total is 63.5% of all children in Australia aged 514 in 2012.
In 2006, there were 1,806,200 children aged 514 who cycled at some time during the previous 12 months.
The data suggest that from 2000 to 2012, children aged 514 increased cycling 5% and population in that age bracket increased 3.7%, but from 2006 to 2012 children aged 514 decreased cycling 1.8% and population in that age bracket increased 1.7%.
The 2011 Cycling Participation survey suggests there were 1,071,899 bike trips per day by Australians aged 09 and 592,515 daily bicycle trips aged 1017.
Shifting demographics
Among children and young adults, the Australian population aged 1024 increased from 3,915,279 in 1981 to 4,554,447 in 2010  up 16.3%.
Based on a rework of Australian per capita cycling participation in 1985/86 and 2011 and 1985/86 state ratios, 1,307,275 trips per day were expected in 2011 among cyclists aged 1014. However, the 2011 CPS estimated there were only 786,813. This signals a catastrophic decline in child and young adult recreational exercise and road awareness.
Many baby boomer and X generation cyclists experienced and enjoyed cycling before helmet laws were enforced in Australia in 199092. Many were children or teenagers in 1985/86. Their ageing travel choice has since been influenced by an approximate 120% increase in petrol prices, traffic congestion and improved cycling infrastructure.
Comparative 1985/86 age bracket ratios applied to ABS 2010 population data suggest a reduction in per capita cycling despite the size of the 4065yo baby boomer cohort.
This generation enjoyed barehead cycling as children, carrying these familiar recreation and road skills into later life. In all age brackets, the proportion of cyclists risking prosecution without a helmet has increased substantially since the year 2000 and this bare head sector contributes to increased participation reported both in surveys and by electronic pathway bicycle monitors.
Poor outlook
The ratios and numbers for children and young adults reveal far less cycling exercise during these critical formative years.
Although cycling participation in Australia has increased slightly since 2007, the ERASS data suggest pre2007 levels of 15+ cycling per year were lower than 1985/86 levels of 9+ cycling per day.
Most Australian states reported increased cycling participation around 10% per annum during the 1980s, probably underestimating daily cycling levels in this analysis by the time Victoria introduced Australia's first allage mandatory helmet law in 1990.
Surveys show a downturn beginning in 1990/92 when helmet laws were enforced, resulting in detrimental public health and road safety outcomes for a generation of Australians.
The CPS estimates 33.6% of all people aged 1017 cycled per week in 2011. CR69 estimates 66% of males and 27% of females aged 915, 81% of males and 27% of females aged 16, and 57% of males and 10% of females aged 17 who cycled every day in 1985/86.
The estimates do not bode well for cycling participation in future years as a lower proportion of children become adults without bicycle experience.
ABS estimates
It is worth noting separate to this analysis that the ABS calculated total persons who travel to places other than work or fulltime study in March 2012 (Excel 365kb) and estimated recreational cyclists at 806,200 in Australia. Added to the 178,500 who cycled to work or fulltime study (Table 2.2), this totalled 984,700 cyclists in 2012.
Total persons who travel to places other than work or fulltime study in March 2009 estimated recreational cyclists nationally at 844,200. Added to the 151,000 who cycled to work or fulltime study (Table 2), this totals 995,200.
The ABS data suggest commuter cycling in Australia increased over the three years by 27,500 but at the same time recreational cycling fell by 38,000, resulting in a net 10,500 fewer cyclists in Australia.
The proportion of bicycles as a recreational transport mode for total persons was 5.3% in 2009 and 4.8% in 2012. Both ABS surveys were conducted during March which is among the most popular months in Australia for cycling.

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Australia New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia
Australian Capital Territory
Bicycle trips per day
Source 
198586 estimate 
2010 expectation 
2011 estimate 
DaytoDay Travel 1985/86 
29,858 trips per day 


Calculation 
21.38% x 90,751 males 9+ 19,058
11.69% x 92,388 females 9+ 10,800 






ABS Population 2010 

51,713 trips per day 

Calculation 

21.38% x 155,224 males 10+ 33,187
11.69% x 158,475 females 10+ 18,526 





Cycling Participation 2011 


44,336 trips per day 
Calculation 


Analysis of ACP 2011 with 1985/86 state ratios 




Per million population 
158,571 
164,849 
141,333 
Calculation 
1,000,000 / 188,294 (9+ population 1981) x 29,858 
1,000,000 / 313,699 (10+ population 2010) x 51,713 
1,000,000 / 313,699 (10+ population 2010) x 44,336 
Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (Table 4.1a, p120)
ACT  0.21 (21.38%) trips per male x 90,751 people aged 9+ = 19,058 daily bike trips
ACT  0.12 (11.69%) trips per female x 92,388 people aged 9+ = 10,800 daily bike trips
Total 29,858 daily bike trips
Extract from Review of the Australian DaytoDay Travel Survey Data Base 1985/86
Australian Bureau of Statistics population data (Excel 635kb)
ACT  0.21 (21.38%) trips per male x 155,224 people aged 10+ = 33,187 daily bike trips
ACT  0.12 (11.69%) trips per female x 158,475 people aged 10+ = 18,526 daily bike trips
Total 51,713 expected daily bike trips based on 1985/86 male/female ratios
Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011
The survey estimated 44,336 bicycle trips aged 10+ per day in the ACT
If the same ratio of bike trips per person per day from 1985/86 is applied to the 2010 population of the ACT, there are 7,377 less trips per capita than four years prelaw
Below tabulates the three survey results above on a per million population ratio for appropriate age groups:
Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
The table below details survey respondents aged 15+ who cycled in the previous year, not 9+ per day as above in 1985/86
 Cycling numbers  Cycling participation 
2010  53,200  19% 
2009  46,400  16.8% 
2008  48,800  18.2% 
2007  42,500  16.1% 
2006  43,900  16.9% 
2005  43,900  17.4% 
2004  40,900  16.2% 
2003  42,500  17.3% 
2002  37,800  15.5% 
2001  35,700  14.8% 


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Australia Australian Capital Territory Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia
New South Wales
Bicycle trips per day
Source 
198586 estimate 
2010 expectation 
2011 estimate 
DaytoDay Travel 1985/86 
420,785 trips per day 


Calculation 
14.12% x 2,179,000 males 9+ 307,615
5.09% x 2,223,388 females 9+ 113,170 






ABS Population 2010 

604,575 trips per day 

Calculation 

14.12% x 3,124,757 males 10+ 441,216
5.09% x 3,209,401 females 10+ 163,359 





Cycling Participation 2011 


461,929 trips per day 
Calculation 


Analysis of ACP 2011 with 1985/86 state ratios 




Per million population 
93,547 
95,447 
72,927 
Calculation 
1,000,000 / 4,498,093 (9+ population 1981) x 420,785 
1,000,000 / 6,334,158 (10+ population 2010) x 604,575 
1,000,000 / 6,334,158 (10+ population 2010) x 461,929 
Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (Table 4.1a, p120)
NSW  0.14 (14.12%) trips per male x 2,179,000 people aged 9+ = 307,615 daily bike trips
NSW  0.05 (5.09%) trips per female x 2,223,388 people aged 9+ = 113,170 daily bike trips
Total 420,785 daily bike trips
Extract from Review of the Australian DaytoDay Travel Survey Data Base 1985/86
Australian Bureau of Statistics population data (Excel 635kb)
NSW  0.14 (14.12%) trips per male x 3,124,757 people aged 10+ = 441,216 daily bike trips
NSW  0.05 (5.09%) trips per female x 3,209,401 people aged 10+ = 163,359 daily bike trips
Total 604,575 expected daily bike trips based on 1985/86 male/female ratios
Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011
The survey estimated 461,929 bicycle trips aged 10+ per day in NSW
If the same ratio of bike trips per person per day from 1985/86 is applied to the 2010 population of NSW, there are 142,646 less trips per capita than five years prelaw
Below tabulates the three survey results above on a per million population ratio for appropriate age groups:
Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
The table below details survey respondents aged 15+ who cycled in the previous year, not 9+ per day as above in 1985/86
 Cycling numbers  Cycling participation 
2010  603,500  10.6% 
2009  503,600  9% 
2008  539,600  9.9% 
2007  447,400  8.3% 
2006  468,300  8.8% 
2005  474,200  8.9% 
2004  481,700  9.1% 
2003  404,300  7.7% 
2002  429,100  8.3% 
2001  400,800  7.9% 


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Australia Australian Capital Territory New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Tasmania Western Australia
Victoria
Bicycle trips per day
Source 
198586 estimate 
2010 expectation 
2011 estimate 
DaytoDay Travel 1985/86 
466,166 trips per day 


Calculation 
21.56% x 1,624,572 males 9+ 350,258
6.95% x 1,667,741 females 9+ 115,908 






ABS Population 2010 

689,058 trips per day 

Calculation 

21.56% x 2,401,694 males 10+ 517,805
6.95% x 2,464,069 females 10+ 171,253 





Cycling Participation 2011 


615,147 trips per day 
Calculation 


Analysis of ACP 2011 with 1985/86 state ratios 




Per million population 
137,259 
141,614 
126,424 
Calculation 
1,000,000 / 3,396,239 (9+ population 1981) x 466,166 
1,000,000 / 4,865,763 (10+ population 2010) x 689,058 
1,000,000 / 4,865,763 (10+ population 2010) x 615,147 
Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (Table 4.1a, p120)
Victoria  0.22 (21.56%) trips per male x 1,624,572 people aged 9+ = 350,258 daily bike trips
Victoria  0.07 (6.95%) trips per female x 1,667,741 people aged 9+ = 115,908 daily bike trips
Total 466,166 daily bike trips
Extract from Review of the Australian DaytoDay Travel Survey Data Base 1985/86
Australian Bureau of Statistics population data (Excel 635kb)
Victoria  0.22 (21.56%) trips per male x 2,401,694 people aged 10+ = 517,805 daily bike trips
Victoria  0.07 (6.95%) trips per female x 2,464,069 people aged 10+ = 171,253 daily bike trips
Total 689,058 expected daily bike trips based on 1985/86 male/female ratios
Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011
The survey estimated 615,147 bicycle trips aged 10+ per day in Victoria
If the same ratio of bike trips per person per day from 1985/86 is applied to the 2010 population of Victoria, there are 73,911 less trips per capita than four years prelaw
Below tabulates the three survey results above on a per million population ratio for appropriate age groups:
Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
The table below details survey respondents aged 15+ who cycled in the previous year, not 9+ per day as above in 1985/86
 Cycling numbers  Cycling participation 
2010  555,200  12.7% 
2009  551,400  12.8% 
2008  572,600  13.8% 
2007  439,000  10.7% 
2006  484,900  12% 
2005  462,400  11.5% 
2004  459,500  11.6% 
2003  406,000  10.3% 
2002  370,100  9.6% 
2001  461,200  12.1% 


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Australia Australian Capital Territory New South Wales Northern Territory South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia
Queensland
Bicycle trips per day
Source 
198586 estimate 
2010 expectation 
2011 estimate 
DaytoDay Travel 1985/86 
321,949 trips per day 


Calculation 
24.59% x 980,659 males 9+ 241,144
8.27% x 977,091 females 9+ 80,805 






ABS Population 2010 

641,169 trips per day 

Calculation 

24.59% x 1,946,365 males 10+ 478,611
8.27% x 1,965,635 females 10+ 162,558 





Cycling Participation 2011 


427,539 trips per day 
Calculation 


Analysis of ACP 2011 with 1985/86 state ratios 




Per million population 
161,350 
163,898 
109,289 
Calculation 
1,000,000 / 1,995,347 (9+ population 1981) x 321,949 
1,000,000 / 3,912,000 (10+ population 2010) x 641,169 
1,000,000 / 3,912,000 (10+ population 2010) x 427,539 
Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (Table 4.1a, p120)
Queensland  0.25 (24.59%) trips per male x 980,659 people aged 9+ = 241,144 daily bike trips
Queensland  0.08 (8.27%) trips per female x 977,091 people aged 9+ = 80,805 daily bike trips
Total 321,949 daily bike trips
Extract from Review of the Australian DaytoDay Travel Survey Data Base 1985/86
Australian Bureau of Statistics population data (Excel 635kb)
Queensland  0.25 (24.59%) trips per male x 1,946,365 people aged 10+ = 478,611 daily bike trips
Queensland  0.08 (8.27%) trips per female x 1,965,635 people aged 10+ = 162,558 daily bike trips
Total 641,169 expected daily bike trips based on 1985/86 male/female ratios
Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011
The survey estimated 427,539 bicycle trips aged 10+ per day in Queensland
If the same ratio of bike trips per person per day from 1985/86 is applied to the 2010 population of Queensland, there are 213,630 less trips per capita than five years prelaw
Below tabulates the three survey results above on a per million population ratio for appropriate age groups:
Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
The table below details survey respondents aged 15+ who cycled in the previous year, not 9+ per day as above in 1985/86
 Cycling numbers  Cycling participation 
2010  389,600  11.1% 
2009  364,400  10.6% 
2008  333,300  10.2% 
2007  326,500  10.2% 
2006  273,200  8.7% 
2005  308,600  9.9% 
2004  291,100  9.6% 
2003  274,600  9.3% 
2002  243,200  8.5% 
2001  235,100  8.4% 


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Australia Australian Capital Territory New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland Tasmania Victoria Western Australia
South Australia
Bicycle trips per day
Source 
198586 estimate 
2010 expectation 
2011 estimate 
DaytoDay Travel 1985/86 
171,125 trips per day 


Calculation 
20.08% x 547,829 males 9+ 110,004
10.84% x 563,844 females 9+ 61,121 






ABS Population 2010 

223,392 trips per day 

Calculation 

20.08% x 714,377 males 10+ 143,447
10.84% x 737,496 females 10+ 79,949 





Cycling Participation 2011 


126,444 trips per day 
Calculation 


Analysis of ACP 2011 with 1985/86 state ratios 




Per million population 
149,542 
153,865 
87,090 
Calculation 
1,000,000 / 1,144,330 (9+ population 1981) x 171,125 
1,000,000 / 1,451,873 (10+ population 2010) x 223,392 
1,000,000 / 1,451,873 (10+ population 2010) x 126,444 
Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (Table 4.1a, p120)
South Australia  0.20 (20.08%) trips per male x 547,829 people aged 9+ = 110,004 daily bike trips
South Australia  0.11 (10.84%) trips per female x 563,844 people aged 9+ = 61,121 daily bike trips
Total 171,125 daily bike trips
Extract from Review of the Australian DaytoDay Travel Survey Data Base 1985/86
Australian Bureau of Statistics population data (Excel 635kb)
South Australia  0.20 (20.08%) trips per male x 714,377 people aged 10+ = 143,447 daily bike trips
South Australia  0.11 (10.84%) trips per female x 737,496 people aged 10+ = 79,945 daily bike trips
Total 223,392 expected daily bike trips based on 1985/86 male/female ratios
Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011
The survey estimated 126,444 bicycle trips aged 10+ per day in South Australia
If the same ratio of bike trips per person per day from 1985/86 is applied to the 2010 population of South Australia, there are 96,948 less trips per capita than five years prelaw
Below tabulates the three survey results above on a per million population ratio for appropriate age groups:
Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
The table below details survey respondents aged 15+ who cycled in the previous year, not 9+ per day as above in 1985/86
 Cycling numbers  Cycling participation 
2010  150,400  11.5% 
2009  124,800  9.6% 
2008  148,500  11.7% 
2007  104,800  8.4% 
2006  115,100  9.3% 
2005  127,000  10.4% 
2004  108,000  9.0% 
2003  117,000  9.7% 
2002  105,600  8.9% 
2001  101,000  8.5% 


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Australia Australian Capital Territory New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria
Western Australia
Bicycle trips per day
Source 
198586 estimate 
2010 expectation 
2011 estimate 
DaytoDay Travel 1985/86 
182,953 trips per day 


Calculation 
23.98% x 545,646 males 9+ 130,846
9.68% x 538,295 females 9+ 52,107 






ABS Population 2010 

338,228 trips per day 

Calculation 

23.98% x 1,011,862 males 10+ 242,645
9.68% x 987,424 females 10+ 95,583 





Cycling Participation 2011 


257,024 trips per day 
Calculation 


Analysis of ACP 2011 with 1985/86 state ratios 




Per million population 
165,272 
169,174 
128,558 
Calculation 
1,000,000 / 1,106,979 (9+ population 1981) x 182,953 
1,000,000 / 1,999,286 (10+ population 2010) x 338,228 
1,000,000 / 1,999,286 (10+ population 2010) x 257,024 
Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (Table 4.1a, p120)
Western Australia  0.24 (23.98%) trips per male x 545,646 people aged 9+ = 130,846 daily bike trips
Western Australia  0.10 (9.68%) trips per female x 538,295 people aged 9+ = 52,107 daily bike trips
Total 182,953 daily bike trips
Extract from Review of the Australian DaytoDay Travel Survey Data Base 1985/86
Australian Bureau of Statistics population data (Excel 635kb)
Western Australia  0.24 (23.98%) trips per male x 1,011,862 people aged 10+ = 242,645 daily bike trips
Western Australia  0.10 (9.68%) trips per female x 987,424 people aged 10+ = 95,583 daily bike trips
Total 338,228 expected daily bike trips based on 1985/86 male/female ratios
Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011
The survey estimated 257,024 bicycle trips aged 10+ per day in Western Australia
If the same ratio of bike trips per person per day from 1985/86 is applied to the 2010 population of Western Australia, there are 81,204 less trips per capita than six years prelaw
Below tabulates the three survey results above on a per million population ratio for appropriate age groups:
Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
The table below details survey respondents aged 15+ who cycled in the previous year, not 9+ per day as above in 1985/86
 Cycling numbers  Cycling participation 
2010  255,100  14.2% 
2009  252,700  14.5% 
2008  224,600  13.6% 
2007  172,800  10.7% 
2006  194,300  12.3% 
2005  168,900  10.5% 
2004  215,200  13.8% 
2003  168,400  11.0% 
2002  182,400  12.1% 
2001  158,100  10.7% 


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Australia Australian Capital Territory New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Victoria Western Australia
Tasmania
Bicycle trips per day
Source 
198586 estimate 
2010 expectation 
2011 estimate 
DaytoDay Travel 1985/86 
29,322 trips per day 


Calculation 
13.3% x 176,779 males 9+ 23,512
3.23% x 179,882 females 9+ 5,810 






ABS Population 2010 

36,197 trips per day 

Calculation 

13.3% x 217,301 males 10+ 28,901
3.23% x 225,867 females 10+ 7,296 





Cycling Participation 2011 


51,394 trips per day 
Calculation 


Analysis of ACP 2011 with 1985/86 state ratios 




Per million population 
80,513 
81,678 
115,970 
Calculation 
1,000,000 / 364,190 (9+ population 1981) x 29,322 
1,000,000 / 443,168 (10+ population 2010) x 36,197 
1,000,000 / 443,168 (10+ population 2010) x 51,394 
Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (Table 4.1a, p120)
Tasmania  0.13 (13.3%) trips per male x 176,779 people aged 9+ = 23,512 daily bike trips
Tasmania  0.03 (3.23%) trips per female x 179,882 people aged 9+ = 5,810 daily bike trips
Total 29,322 daily bike trips
Extract from Review of the Australian DaytoDay Travel Survey Data Base 1985/86
Australian Bureau of Statistics population data (Excel 635kb)
Tasmania  0.13 (13.3%) trips per male x 217,301 people aged 10+ = 28,901 daily bike trips
Tasmania  0.03 (3.23%) trips per female x 225,867 people aged 10+ = 7,296 daily bike trips
Total 36,197 expected daily bike trips based on 1985/86 male/female ratios
Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011
The survey estimated 51,394 bicycle trips aged 10+ per day in Tasmania
If the same ratio of bike trips per person per day from 1985/86 is applied to the 2010 population of Tasmania, there are 15,197 more trips per capita than five years prelaw
Below tabulates the three survey results above on a per million population ratio for appropriate age groups:
Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
The table below details survey respondents aged 15+ who cycled in the previous year, not 9+ per day as above in 1985/86
 Cycling numbers  Cycling participation 
2010  44,400  11.1% 
2009  35,200  8.9% 
2008  37,000  9.6% 
2007  35,500  9.3% 
2006  40,100  10.6% 
2005  38,100  10.1% 
2004  36,400  9.7% 
2003  35,900  9.7% 
2002  30,100  8.2% 
2001  24,700  6.8% 


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Australia Australian Capital Territory New South Wales Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia
Northern Territory
Bicycle trips per day
Source 
198586 estimate 
2010 expectation 
2011 estimate 
DaytoDay Travel 1985/86 
23,802 trips per day 


Calculation 
24.38% x 53,320 males 9+ 12,999
23.29% x 46,385 females 9+ 10,803 






ABS Population 2010 

46,128 trips per day 

Calculation 

24.38% x 100,473 males 10+ 12,999
23.29% x 92,885 females 10+ 21,633 





Cycling Participation 2011 


37,345 trips per day 
Calculation 


Analysis of ACP 2011 with 1985/86 state ratios 




Per million population 
242,623 
238,563 
193,139 
Calculation 
1,000,000 / 98,103 (9+ population 1981) x 23,802 
1,000,000 / 193,358 (10+ population 2010) x 46,128 
1,000,000 / 193,358 (10+ population 2010) x 37,345 
Day to Day Travel in Australia 198586 (Table 4.1a, p120)
Northern Territory  0.24 (24.38%) trips per male x 53,320 people aged 9+ = 12,999 daily bike trips
Northern Territory  0.23 (23.29%) trips per female x 46,385 people aged 9+ = 10,803 daily bike trips
Total 23,802 daily bike trips
Extract from Review of the Australian DaytoDay Travel Survey Data Base 1985/86
Australian Bureau of Statistics population data (Excel 635kb)
Northern Territory  0.24 (24.38%) trips per male x 100,473 people aged 10+ = 24,495 daily bike trips
Northern Territory  0.23 (23.29%) trips per female x 92,885 people aged 10+ = 21,633 daily bike trips
Total 46,128 expected daily bike trips based on 1985/86 male/female ratios
Australian Cycling Participation Survey 2011
The survey estimated 37,345 bicycle trips aged 10+ per day in the Northern Territory
If the same ratio of bike trips per person per day from 1985/86 is applied to the 2010 population of the Northern Territory, there are 8,783 less trips per capita than five years prelaw
Below tabulates the three survey results above on a per million population ratio for appropriate age groups:
Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
The table below details survey respondents aged 15+ who cycled in the previous year, not 9+ per day as above in 1985/86
 Cycling numbers  Cycling participation 
2010  29,700  17.5% 
2009  22,900  13.8% 
2008  23,800  15.2% 
2007  22,600  14.8% 
2006  23,000  15.5% 
2005  23,700  17.1% 
2004  24,800  17.8% 
2003  23,100  16.3% 
2002  21,000  14.9% 
2001  21,500  15.3% 

Australia Australian Capital Territory New South Wales Northern Territory Queensland South Australia Tasmania Victoria Western Australia
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